Weed and Plant Rosettes

Lots of plants / weeds start as rosettes so I wanted to show all the examples I've seen. Some are more rosette-like than others. I will be adding to this page as I see them or find my photos (challenging as I've taken so many).

horseweed rosette

Unknowns at the bottom

Autumn Hawkbit Scorzoneroides autumnalis
Beaked Hawk's-Beard Crepis versicaria
Black Medick Medicago lupulina
Bristly Oxtongue Helminthotheca echioides
Buck's Horn Plantain Plantago coronopus
Cat's Ear Hypochaeris radicata
Celery-Leaved Crowfoot Ranunculus sceleratus
Common Daisy Bellis perennis
Common Stork's-bill Erodium cicutarium
Creeping Buttercup Ranunculus repens
Dandelion Taraxacum officinale
Dock Rumex
Forget-me-not Mysotis
Foxglove Digitalis
Garlic Mustard Alliaria petiolata
Dove's-foot Crane's-bill/ Dovesfoot Geranium Geranium molle
Globe Thistle Echinops
Great Mullein Verbascum thapsis
Greater Celandine Chelidonium majus
Groundsel Senecio vulgaris
Hawkweed Ox-Tongue Picris hieracioides
Hairy Bittercress Cardamine hirsuta
Hedge Mustard Sisymbrium officinale
Herb Robert Geranium robertianum
Honesty Lunaria annua
unknown Knapweed Centaurea ???
Knautia Macedonica  
Lesser Burdock Arctium minus
Mallow Malva sylvestris
Nipplewort Lapsana communis
Ox-eye Daisy Leucanthemum vulgare
Prickly Sow Thistle Sonchus asper
Ragwort Senecio Jacobaea
Ribwort Plantain Plantago lanceolata
Salad Burnet Sanguisorba minor
Shepherd's Purse Capsella bursa-pastoris
Smooth Sow Thistle Sonchus oleraceus
Short-fruited Willowherb Epilobium obscurum
Spotted Medick Medicago arabica
Swine Cress Lepidium coronopus
Teasel Dipsacus fullonum
Thistles Cirsium vulgare, Cirsium arvense
Great Mullein Verbascum thapsis
Viper's Bugloss Echium vulgare
Water Figwort Scrophularia auriculata
Wood Avens Geum urbanum
Yarrow Achillea millefolium
unknown rosettes  


Autumn Hawkbit (Scorzoneroides autumnalis)

autumn hawkbit

autumn hawkbit

autumn hawkbit

autumn hawkbit

Beaked Hawk's-Beard (Crepis versicaria)

see more  at Beaked Hawk's-Beard Rosettes as I have so many photos.

beaked hawk's-beard crepis versicaria rosette

Black Medick (Medicago lupulina)

black medick rosette

Bristly Ox-tongue (Helminthotheca echioides)

I have other photos of Bristly Ox-tongue rosettes but this one was amazing.

bristly ox-tongue rosette

bristly oxtongue

Buck's Horn Plantain (Plantago coronopus)

I saw this December 31st 2018. I hope it grows and flowers before it's mown down, always a danger when observing urban weeds.

unknown weed rosette

unknown weed rosette

I went back to check on it 7-2-2019. No further development but it has been quite cold. The rosettes are pretty small.

buck's horn plantain in situ

Cat's Ear ??

cat's ear

Celery-leaved Crowfoot (Ranunculus sceleratus)


Common Daisy / Lawn Daisy (Bellis perennis)

bellis perennis

this was at the bottom of this page as an unknown but seeing the one above in flower I'm pretty sure it's a daisy as well

Common Stork's-bill (Erodium cicutarium)

March 2019 quite a small example


quite near the above, a larger example


very distinctive leaves, February 2019

common stork's-bill initial basal rosette

late summer stork's-bill rosette

stork's-bill rosette

Creeping Buttercup (Ranunculus repens)

creeping buttercup

creeping buttercup rosette

creeping buttercup rosette





dock weed


this dock rosette is huge



distinctive strong vein down the centre of the leaves




a close-up of a foxglove showing the texture of the leaves


Garlic Mustard (Alliaria petiolata)

garlic mustard

Geranium Molle

not sure how "rosette" it is but in February 2018 one of the few plants growing so it caught my eye

geranium molle

a more developed geranium molle end of January 2019

geranium molle rosette

Globe Thistle

globe thistle initial rosette

Great Mullein (Verbascum thapsis)

verbascum thapsis rosette

Greater Celandine

I never thought of greater celandine as starting with a rosette but this January example looks rosette-like to me.

greater celadine

a less-developed example 2020

greater celandine

Groundsel (Senecio vulgaris)

groundsel rosette

Hawkweed Ox-Tongue (Picris hieracioides)

hawkweed ox-tongue

January 2019 I saw this at Rainham Marshes


I think this is hawkweed ox-tongue

Herb Robert

herb robert

Hedge Mustard

February 2019 I'm seeing a lot of hedge mustard rosettes but no plants in flower yet, too early for that.

hedge mustard rosette

shepherd's purse

hedge mustard rosette

hedge mustard rosette

hedge mustard initial basal rosette

this is a more advanced small plant rather than an initial rosette, seen May 2017

hedge mustard

this is so much more textured, still hedge mustard?

hedge mustard

hedge mustard

Hairy Bittercress

hairy bittercress



unknown Knapweed, not sure which specifically, but not Centaurea nigra

Knautia Macedonica

I think this is knautia macedonica but I think other knautia initial rosettes are probably similar (eg knautia arvensis / field scabious)

scabious rosette

Lesser Burdock (Arctium minus)

lesser burdock rosette

Mallow (Malva sylvestris)




Ox-eye Daisy

ox-eye daisy


Atlas Poppy (Papaver atlanticum)

I'm not sure if this is one rosette or more than one.

poppy rosette

Corn / field / red poppy (Papaver rhoes)

corn poppy rosette

corn poppy rosette

Prickly Sow Thistle

prickly sow thistle

bit different, assuming prickly sow thistle, not thistle

creeping thistle


I saw this prickly sow thistle (I think) at Rainham Marshes January 2019

prickly sow thistle


early small ragwort rosette March 2017 on the patio next door

quite a small ragwort rosette March 2019 London NW1

ragwort rosette

large ragwort rosette at Rainham Marshes January 2019

ragwort rosette

Ribwort Plantain (Plantago lanceolata)

ribwort plantain rosette

Salad Burnet (Sanguisorba minor)

middle of February 2019

salad burnet

I think this is the same rosette, first of April 2019

salad burnet

Shepherd's Purse

shepherds purse

I saw these 14-2-2019 along the Regent's Canal. Two main rosettes are shepherd's purse but on close examination I see a hedge mustard in between them to the left.

shepherd's purse on the left, hedge mustard on the right

shepherd's purse with a small hedge mustard to the left below and another growing amongst below

photo below: two lower rosettes shepherd's purse, rosette above left hedge mustard

shepherd's purse next two photos

weed rosette

weed rosette

Smooth Sow Thistle

smooth sow thistle

smooth sow thistle

Seen in isolation the two plants below might both be identified as smooth sow thistle but right next to each other, it's clear they are different. I think the one on the left is shepherd's purse and on the right smooth sow thistle but I will keep and eye on them and take some better photos and confirm as they develop. Just down the road from me so should be feasible.

smooth sow thistle comparison shepherds purse

Short-fruited Willowherb

short-fruited willowherb

Smooth Hawk's-Beard (Crepis capillaris)


Spotted Medick (Medicago arabica)

spotted medick

Swine Cress (Lepidium coronopus)


swine cress initial basal rosette

I saw this 4-1-2019

weed rosette

another rosette in the same area at the above, tiny buds in the centre

I saw the 3 swine cress rosettes above in the same place (Euston Road at Warren St) and that was the only place I'd seen swine cress until the other day when I saw these at a nearby park. This first one is a bit sparse and I thought it might be a buck's-horn plantain but looking more carefully I think it is swine cress but a very young less developed one.

swine cress rosette

this one is slightly more developed and more recognisable as swine cress, seen close to the one above

swine cress



the first year, teasel starts as a  low rosette

teasel rosette

second year, the rosette is enormous

teasel rosette


I think this is a spear thistle (Cirsium vulgare).

thistle rosette

this thistle has more pronounced spears than the one above which makes me wonder, is that spear

spear thistle

this is even hairier, natural variation? January 2019 Rainham Marshes

spear thistle rosette rainham marshes

close-up of the thistle rosette above

a comparison of thistle leaves (2 kinds anyway), spear on the left, creeping on the right

thistle leaves comparison

Verbascum (phlomoides?) tall with white flowers

this verbascum rosette does look a bit like teasel but it's smooth and doesn't have the blisters, on March 20th (first day of Spring 2018) it has ice, we've had a bitter cold few days


verbascum rosettes


Great Mullein (Verbascum thapsis)

verbascum thapsis

Viper's Bugloss (Echium vulgare)

vipers bugloss echium vulgare

Water Figwort (Scrophularia auriculata)

Wood Avens (Geum urbanum)

wood avens rosette


February 2019

yarrow initial basal rosettes


Unknown Rosettes


The weeds above and below are in a church garden up the road, which unfortunately is locked sometimes so it may be difficult to follow up on these but I do hope to see them develop and flower this spring/summer and become identifible (also visible hairy bittercress, chickweed, petty spurge, oxalis and something I'm not sure of). Umbellifers - definitely something I need to come back to and I've seen recent examples which are more accessible

not sure how identifiable this is yet

close-up of this weed rosette -update- saw this round the corner, end of summer 2018 but it's gone now 2019

weed rosette

another view of that weed rosette showing to scale how small it is

not sure I'll be able to see this to maturity and therefore identification - but in case thought I'd take a pic - update - this has disappeared, did someone remove it on purpose?

weed rosette

In the back garden next door, I think this must be a knautia macedonia or a scabious, both of which I've grown from seed and purchased small plants. I mantain some pots on the patio next door, inc knautia and scabious plants and sure seeds are spread from my garden there as well. Hopefully he won't mow the "lawn" before I see what happens with it. Very soft, definitely not a thistle. -update- it's gone now - no idea why as that area hasn't been mown but sure it was a knautia.

weed rosette

this could be prickly sow thistle, if it was in my garden I'd leave it and see how it develops but as I saw it on the pavement, no guarantees it will be left to grow

I saw these on Dec 31st 2018. I went back yesterday (7-2-2019) and they look exactly the same. I guess the cold weather has prevented any further growth. Will revisit in coming weeks to see how it develops.

unknown weed rosette

unknown weed rosette

unknown weed rosette

one of those difficult to identify umbellifers?

weed rosette











January 2019 Rainham Marshes

January 2019 Rainham Marshes

Cat's Ear? I saw this end of February 2019

weed rosette

Quite near it I saw this with lobed leaves so I don't think it's cat's ear as well. In this position, I don't hold out much hope it will survive and bloom.



I saw this on St Pancras Way on the patch of ground where the buck's-horn plantain rosettes were, February 2019. Poppy?


I assume smooth sow thistle but it looks a bit different so was wondering hedge mustard? I guess I'm a bit rosette-blind as I've been looking at so many.

end of March, I thought I'd seen something like this before but I don't seem to have a photo here


end of March, at first glance I thought this was a thistle but it actually felt quite soft, I'll have to keep an eye on it to confirm one way or the other

end of March, St Pancras Way

end of March (think I have a pic from a couple weeks before as well - will check)